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A REVIEW: APPLICATIONS OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS) IN MARINE AREAS

Abstract

Seyma Merve Kaymaz, Murat Yabanli

In this review, the focus is the research of scientists which studied different GIS applications in marine areas. Based on literature review, the scientists stressed the use of GIS to assess and predict effects on marine environment. Marine spatial data are fundamental for a sustainable environmental management of marine areas, largely surrounded by countries with borders to the sea. In modern age, known as ‘’information age’’, data acquisition, analysis and management are essential for rapid, precise and economical resolutions. GIS applications were recommended to supply a principle from combining past and present circumstances in order to predict future for marine areas. This review provides an example to how GIS applications can be used in the monitoring, conservation, management, sustainable development and environmental protection stages of marine areas.

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