Card image

Journal of Aquaculture Engineering and Fisheries Research

Opinion Article - (2024) Volume 10, Issue 2

Groundwater saltiness in a floodplain timberland affected by saltwater interruption
Mary Louise*
Department of Ocean Science, Tsinghua University, China
*Correspondence: Mary Louise, Department of Ocean Science, Tsinghua University, China, Email:

Received: Jan 31, 2024, Manuscript No. JAEFR-24-128479; Editor assigned: Feb 02, 2024, Pre QC No. JAEFR-24-128479 (PQ); Reviewed: Feb 16, 2024, QC No. JAEFR-24-128479; Revised: Feb 21, 2024, Manuscript No. JAEFR-24-128479 (R); Published: Feb 28, 2024, DOI: 10.3153/JAEFR.10.02.20

Citation: Louise M. Groundwater saltiness in a floodplain timberland affected by saltwater interruption. J Aquacult Eng Fish Res. 2024; 10(2)


Saltwater, covering approximately 97.5% of the Earth's water, plays a crucial role in sustaining life on our planet. Despite its abundance, saltwater presents a myriad of drawbacks that impact both the environment and human activities. This article delves into the multifaceted drawbacks associated with saltwater, ranging from environmental concerns to challenges in desalination processes and the impact on agriculture. The high salinity levels in saltwater pose a significant challenge to marine life. While many marine organisms have adapted to these conditions, rapid changes in salinity can disturb the delicate balance of ecosystems. Excessive salt concentration can harm certain species, affecting their reproductive patterns, metabolic functions, and overall health. Coral reefs, often referred to as the rainforests of the sea, are particularly vulnerable to changes in salinity. Elevated salinity levels can lead to coral bleaching, a phenomenon where corals expel the symbiotic algae living in their tissues. This not only affects the vibrant colours of the reefs but also weakens the entire ecosystem, as many marine species depend on coral reefs for their habitat.


The technology involved in desalination, particularly reverse osmosis, requires substantial amounts of energy, often derived from fossil fuels, contributing to environmental pollution and climate change. Establishing desalination plants requires substantial investment, making desalinated water more expensive compared to other freshwater sources. Additionally, the infrastructure needed for desalination plants can have negative environmental impacts, such as habitat disruption and alteration of coastal landscapes. The use of saltwater for irrigation can lead to soil salinization, a process where the concentration of salts in the soil becomes detrimental to plant growth. As water evaporates, salts accumulate in the soil, rendering it less fertile. This phenomenon poses a serious threat to agriculture, impacting crop yields and reducing the overall productivity of arable land. Not all crops can withstand high levels of salinity. Many staple crops that form the foundation of global food security, such as rice, wheat, and soybeans, are sensitive to salt stress. This limits the choice of crops that can be cultivated in areas where saltwater is the primary water source for irrigation. Coastal regions often face the challenge of saltwater intrusion, where saltwater infiltrates freshwater aquifers.


The phenomenon is exacerbated by factors such as sealevel rise and excessive groundwater extraction. In areas where rivers and estuaries meet the sea, saltwater intrusion can extend upstream, affecting surface water quality. This intrusion not only impacts the availability of freshwater for communities but also poses a threat to aquatic ecosystems, disrupting the habitats of various species. While desalination produces potable water, concerns about the quality of desalinated water persist. The process removes salts and impurities, but certain contaminants and by-products may still be present. Regular consumption of desalinated water with residual impurities could have long-term health effects that are not yet fully understood. Desalination is a technologically advanced solution that comes with a high price tag.



Conflict Of Interest

The author declares there is no conflict of interest in publishing this article.