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Journal of Aquaculture Engineering and Fisheries Research

Opinion - (2023) Volume 9, Issue 9

Nutrient detection for the future of livestock and aquaculture nutrition
Marco L Calderini*
Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
*Correspondence: Marco L Calderini, Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland, Email:

Received: Aug 30, 2023, Manuscript No. JAEFR-23-117338; Editor assigned: Sep 01, 2023, Pre QC No. JAEFR-23-117338 (PQ); Reviewed: Sep 15, 2023, QC No. JAEFR-23-117338; Revised: Sep 20, 2023, Manuscript No. JAEFR-23-117338 (R); Published: Sep 27, 2023, DOI: 10.3153/JAEFR.9.9.089

Citation: Calderini ML. Nutrient detection for the future of livestock and aquaculture nutrition. J Aquacult Eng Fish Res. 2023; 9(9)


Aquaculture, the farming of aquatic organisms, is a crucial component of the global food industry. As the world's population continues to grow, the demand for seafood is higher than ever. To meet this demand and ensure the sustainability of aquaculture, a critical component is often overlooked: nutrition. Proper nutrition is fundamental to the health and growth of aquatic species, impacting both their well-being and the environmental sustainability of aquaculture operations. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the intricate world of aquaculture nutrition, discussing its importance, the science behind it, and the innovative approaches that are shaping the future of this essential field. Aquaculture nutrition is a multifaceted discipline that addresses the dietary requirements of various aquatic species, including fish, shrimp, and shellfish. This field is integral to aquaculture's success and its role in global food security. Aquaculture is a primary source of seafood for global consumption, with over 50% of the world's seafood now originating from farms rather than wild fisheries. Proper nutrition is essential to support the growth and health of these farmed species. Fish and seafood are vital sources of essential nutrients, including high-quality proteins, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals. Aquaculture ensures a consistent supply of nutritious seafood, reducing the pressure on wild fisheries.


Sustainable aquaculture practices, including responsible nutrition, help reduce the environmental impact of the industry. Efficient feed utilization, reduced waste, and lower reliance on wild-caught fish as feed ingredients all contribute to a more environmentally responsible industry. Aquaculture is a key driver of economic growth in many regions, providing employment opportunities and supporting local economies. Efficient and sustainable nutrition practices enhance the profitability of aquaculture operations. Aquaculture nutrition involves understanding the specific dietary requirements of aquatic species, formulating nutritionally balanced feeds, and delivering these feeds efficiently. Aquatic species require a variety of essential nutrients, including proteins, lipids (fats), carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. These nutrients are necessary for growth, energy, and overall health. Proteins are a crucial component of aquaculture feeds, as they provide essential amino acids for growth. Formulating feeds with the right balance of protein sources is essential. Lipids and fats are energy sources for aquatic species. They also play a role in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins and can affect the flavour and texture of seafood.


A lower FCR indicates that a species is converting feed into body mass more efficiently. Proper feed formulation is a critical aspect of aquaculture nutrition. Formulators create diets that meet the specific nutrient requirements of the target species while optimizing factors like cost, feed quality, and environmental sustainability. Common protein sources in aquaculture feeds include fishmeal, soybean meal, and other plant-based proteins. Sustainable sourcing and the use of alternative protein sources are essential to reduce the industry's reliance on wild-caught fish as feed. Lipid sources in feeds may include fish oil, vegetable oils, and other lipid- rich ingredients.



Conflict Of Interest

The author declares there is no conflict of interest in publishing this article.