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Abstract

Ay├â┬â├ó┬Ç┬Ž├â┬é├ů┬Şah V├â┬â├ó┬Ç┬×├â┬é├é┬░├â┬â├ó┬Ç┬Ž├â┬é├ů┬żNE, Levent BAT

Marine litter can be defined as any persistent, manu-factured or processed solid material disposed of or abandoned in the marine and coastal environment and originate from many land based and sea based sources. Marine litter that cause a wide spectrum environmen-tal, economic, safety, health and cultural impacts, is mainly composed of plastics, wood, metals, glass, rubber, clothing, paper, etc. Marine Strategy Fra-mework Directive (2008/56/EC) (MSFD) published by European Union (EU) in 2008, includes necessary measures to provide or maintain "Good Environmental Status" (GES) of the Member States up to 2020. In Annex I to Directive 2008/56/EC is determined GES according to 11 qualitative 'descriptors' for marine re-gions and sub-regions and Descriptor 10 is related to marine litter. Black Sea has become important for Eu-ropean with the participation of Bulgaria and Romania to the EU. The number of studies on marine litter is scarcely any in Turkey and entire the Black Sea re-gion.Although not enough information about the cur-rent situationwhen environmental, economic and visu-ally negative effects are considered, this study topic is thought to be an important subject to be investigated. In this context, with this review marine litter under MSFD and current situation in the Black Sea was examined.

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